Under the Law… Who is under the Law? For that matter, who is under the curse of the Law? Those who are not saved by grace through faith in Yeshua Ha Mashiach are still dead in their sins, unlike those who do trust in Yeshua!
“Under the law” is such a dynamic statement. Romans 4:15 gives a clue to the meaning of Romans 6:14’s declaration that believers in Yeshua are not under the law, “Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.”
These are complex concepts that I recently discussed with other believers on Douglas Kreiger’s Tribnet7000 forum and Facebook group in one of the open debates. One dear fellow believer who challenged me with these questions gave a very astute teaching on the Greek and Roman practice of “adoption” meaning “(huiothesia [uiJoqesiva]) means to “place as a son.”
Paul understands the concept of adoption and applies to the God placing Israel as His sons based on Exodus 4:22
In Isaiah 63:16-19 Isaiah says of God that He is their Father and a petition to have Father God to restore them to the Torah and to restore the sanctuary back to Israel. Isaiah 64:8 doesn’t mix metaphors because in a literal sense Israel is the Son of YeHoVaH, and his clay molded by His hands. Hosea 11:1 quote child and son called out of Egypt…
One work of masterful fiction that comes to my mind when I ponder the Biblical concept of “adoption as sons” by God for mis-fortunate children is the novel, Oliver Twist. For some reason, my Camden New Jersey elementary school made sure to expose all of us kids in the mid 1980’s to the 1970’s Musical of Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist. Wikipedia tells us this much about Oliver’s privations in the work-house that represents the prison of the world system:
Oliver Twist was born and raised into a life of poverty and misfortune in a workhouse in an unnamed town […] Orphaned by his mother’s death in childbirth and his father’s mysterious absence, Oliver is meagrely provided for under the terms of the Poor Law and spends the first nine years of his life living at a baby farm in the ‘care’ of a woman named Mrs. Mann. Oliver is brought up with little food and few comforts.”
The escaped orphan Oliver finds himself at the hands of the street gangs and thieves as a pawn of the Satan figure who is always ready to deceive vulnerable children to do his illegal bidding, Fagin.
Fagin falls into the stereotype of the evil and greedy Jewish devil of the story. It is sad that this stereotype runs rampant in evangelical world-view and that the Torah is equally so.
I hope to show that the true Torah of God is that of the loving Father, that will scoop up the poor Oliver twists of the world and bring them into a loving relationship, and son-ship.
In this way, Oliver unwittingly falls in with an infamous Jewish criminal known as Fagin, the so-called gentleman of whom the Artful Dodger spoke. Ensnared, Oliver lives with Fagin and his gang of juvenile pickpockets in their lair at Saffron Hill for some time, unaware of their criminal occupations. He believes they make wallets and handkerchiefs.
Soon, Oliver naively goes out to “make handkerchiefs” (because there is no income) with the Artful Dodger and Charley Bates, only to learn that their real mission is to pick pockets. Dodger and Charley steal the handkerchief of an old gentleman named Mr. Brownlow and promptly flee. When he finds his handkerchief missing, Mr. Brownlow turns round, sees Oliver running away in fright, and pursues him, thinking he was the thief. Others join the chase, capture Oliver, and bring him before the magistrate. Curiously, Mr. Brownlow has second thoughts about the boy – he seems reluctant to believe he is a pickpocket. To the judge’s evident disappointment, a bookstall holder who saw Dodger commit the crime clears Oliver, who, by now actually ill, faints in the courtroom. Mr. Brownlow takes Oliver home and, along with his housekeeper Mrs. Bedwin, cares for him.”
It is the father of the dead mother of the boy, Mr. Brownlow and the bookstall holder that save Oliver from the law that righteously accuses Oliver of street crime, while being used by Fagin, Sikes, and the skid-row crew. For that court case, Oliver is saved from the penalty of the righteous law by being cleared of the charges by his estranged Grandfather and the bookstall holder.
Our savior, Yeshua kept the law perfectly. He fulfilled a majority of the prophecies concerning the Messiah through his first advent. His blood atonement makes the way for us to be cleansed of sins, made new through the washing, renewing, and regeneration of the Holy Spirit (Titus 3:5). It destroys ANY false doctrine that would try have us believe that the Law was established as a means for earning our salvation.”
5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;”
The Curse of the law is found in Deuteronomy 27 among other chapters of Deuteronomy. It informs us that we choose to reap the consequences, including a wretched death from our rebellion against God’s ways and instructions that lead to apostasy.
However, because we are baptized into Yeshua’s death we are made into His image, and are no longer ruled by the desire to rebel against God and His ways.
3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?
4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.”
In Christ we fundamentally don’t want to offend YeHoVaH, and are given the help of the Holy Spirit for our spiritual walk to be conformed to the image of Yeshua Ha Mashiach, as Romans 8 informs.
Romans 7 goes into the struggles between the spirit and the flesh that are at war, but Romans 8 tells us that nothing will separate us from the love of God through the grace of our salvation…
But it doesn’t obliterate the law as a measure and standard for what sin is and why we must fight the good fight. Salvation in Yeshua Ha Mashiach in concert with the power of the Holy Spirit in our lives helps us to press on to, and be carried to completion on the Day of the Lord, Yeshua our King.
That brings us back to the question of who is under the law?
If the divorced tribes of Israel, and Judah, and the rest of the gentile nations get together and refuse to believe in Yeshua, then those members of those groups who go along with rejecting Yeshua are affectively still under the Law.
That Law will convict them for transgressing said Law at the Great White Throne Judgement.
Does the adoption of Ephraim and Manasseh in Gen 48 give those tribes some special exclusion from this because they were chosen by Israel before he died? He declares himself to be their Father, and Ephraim is his first born.
No. The Divorce removed them from the Commonwealth of Believing Israel. If they went after other gods, while continuing to rebel against YeHoVaH and His Torah, then they were cut off from the covenant. It is my belief that part of following Torah included earnestly waiting in earnest and obedient expectation for the Messiah.
Looking to other nations and their false gods for deliverance was a part of rejecting Adonai and His Messiah. Much of the Prophetic book of Isaiah deals with this problem. If they reverently waiting for the coming of the Messiah with reverence and holy fear was a big part of remaining faithful to the one true living God!
New Testament statements of son-ship include: Rom:9:4, 2 Cor 6:16, 18, James 1:18. The words used for adoption in the Bible, mean “to make sons.”
Jacob “adopted or made sons” of his two grandsons. Manasseh and Ephraim.
You can see this account in Genesis 48.
Jacob makes the legal statement that these two grandsons are to be to him just as Reuben and Simeon giving them his name, Israel.
In Hosea, YeHoVaH declares the ten northern tribes to no longer be his sons, his people.
The mystery of the Messiah in relation to bringing them back to oneness in Believing Israel is that through remarriage through the Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Yeshua, they are adopted back into the family by their belief on Yeshua by grace, through faith.
The Torah is not the means for this to be made possible, but these are still the marriage promises that are His instructions written on our hearts.
So we see in Hosea 1, that the 10 tribes lost their son-ship and lost the right to be called his people.
In the NT, we see they are once again called the sons of God.
That is why Jesus said this in Matthew 15:24,
But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”
These lost sheep of the house of Israel are these 10 tribes who went from being Jehovah’s bride, to being divorced (see Jeremiah 3:8)
to being bought back or redeemed by Jesus taking their curse on himself.
They are the ekklesia, and they in vast numbers, make up the “church” that the Roman Catholic church invented, where as the church was made at Sinai with Yeshua according to Stephen’s sermon in Acts 7 :38
1 John 3:1-2
Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.
Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.”
In Romans 9:4 with special attention to chapter 7 and 11 we see that being divorced, and remarried by the resurrected Yeshua, they are made dead to the Law of Deuteronomy 24.
This is the law in which a man cannot remarry his divorced wife if she marries another man. She is under THAT law which makes her an adulteress until her first husband dies. Yeshua’s death gives the remarried bride of Yeshua, whom he remarries now that he has resurrected as a new legal person a special position as the bride of Yeshua, because who is adopted as well:
“Theirs is the adoption as sons” ( Ro 9:4 ).
Now, grace filled adoption and remarriage is put into affect because we obey the Law or because we are “Under the Law”, but by grace through faith in the finished work of Yeshua, while the Torah informs us how to best be His bride and how to be a loving adopted one at that! It is a double layer cake of significance in being a part of God’s family!
So, with everything written here today you can check out the myriad of verses listed here and see that believers truly are not under the law, but bear in mind only the animal sacrifices that were place holders for Yeshua’s blood atonement sacrifice were “done away with”:
http://www.biblestudytools.com/dictionary/adoption/ is a great resource for further study!